Head studs hold your head and block together. As you make more power than your engine was designed to hold from the factory, the head and the block push apart from each other, stretching the factory bolts, and causing various failures. ARP Head Studs are stronger than the factory fasteners, and are designed to keep your race engine together under any circumstance.
Factory fasteners were not designed for performance use. The material chosen by the Original Engine Manufacturer for your engine's factory fasteners was chosen to meet the criteria of a normally driven consumer vehicle at the provided stock horsepower and rev limit. The material is not optimum for a high reving, high heat, high power, race car.